Vocabulary

Vocabulary.com


  • brag about someone or something
    • to boast about someone or something; to talk proudly about someone or something. He bragged about how selfish he was. Jill brags a lot about her kids.

Delirious

The interview woman is delirious at the good fortune of meeting both sister and daughter of the heroine of the Fourteenth of June underground.

  • In this question, delirious is an adjective that means marked by uncontrolled excitement or emotion.
  • If you're delirious you're uncontrollably excited or a bit crazy, like when you win the lottery and run screaming through the streets, delirious with happiness.
    • While we sometimes like to say, metaphorically, that strong emotions make us delirious, this adjective has more grim origins, in the Latin word for delirium or "madness" — in the medical sense, that is. When you're delirious from a high fever or a serious bump to the head, you might become incoherent, hallucinate, or have disturbing dreams. The story of The Wizard of Oz is based on the delirious dream Dorothy has after she bumps her head during a tornado.

Err ~= mistake

  • When you err, you make a mistake or do something wrong. When a newspaper reporter errs in a printed story, the paper often prints a correction the next day.
    • By itself, err, which shares a Latin root with error, is a formal way to say "mess up." The proverb "To err is human, to forgive divine" is an old-fashioned version of "Hey, everyone makes mistakes. Why don't you be the bigger person and let it go?" Err can also mean to go in a certain direction, as in another common saying, "Err on the side of caution," or "Play it safe."

Tender ~= อ่อนโยน

  • If you're tender, it means you're fragile, sensitive, easily bruised or gentle. Young, easily cut beef and a sentimental heart can both be called tender.
    • The many meanings attributed to tender developed over time. In the early 13th century, the word meant soft or easily injured. About a hundred years later, its meaning expanded to include kind and loving. Skip forward another century, and tender could also imply a lack of maturity.

Temper = a characteristic state of feeling.

  • Temper can refer to a tendency to become unreasonably angry. If you’re not sure whether you have a temper, ask your friends — but don’t get mad if you dislike what they have to say.
    • Temper has a number of related yet distinct meanings. In addition to describing a tendency to anger, temper can also refer to one’s mood in general; if you use the word in this sense, you might describe someone's temper as "angry" or "mild." Temper can also be used as a verb meaning “to restrain.” If you have a nasty temper, you might try tempering your temper by counting to ten whenever you’re tempted to throw a "temper tantrum," or fit.

Slanderous

  • If you deliberately lie about someone in order to harm them, your statement is slanderous. If you know your brother was home all day, it's slanderous to claim you saw him stealing candy at the supermarket.
    • When you say something you know is untrue about another person, that's slander—and saying it is slanderous. It's slanderous to spread malicious rumors about a business because you're mad at its owner, or to tell a lie about your opponent in the student council election to boost your chances of winning. In some cases, making slanderous statements is considered a crime.

Which of the following would most likely be considered slanderous?

  • an article presenting the facts about an earthquake
  • a scientific study about the effectiveness of a medication
  • an editorial falsely accusing a candidate of a crime
  • a novel relating the faults of a fictitious character

Assume = to take on titles, offices, duties, or responsibilities.

  • Assume isn't only used to mean "accept as truth without checking"; it also means "take on the form of." It might be safer if you don't assume that the vampire standing in front of you isn't merely a person assuming that form.
    • Assume always has the sense of taking on something. It may be the belief in the appearance of truth: Your mother probably assumes you do your homework right after school. It may be another form or identity: Superman assumes the identity of a city reporter. Or, it might be a physical space: If you get nervous while driving, your dad might assume control of the car.

Failure to gain approval would have led to collapse of the coalition government led by Renzi, who only assumed office in March 2014. In this sentence, assumed means: took over